Posted: 2020-11-25 05:23:23
Wheat researchers are pioneering a new technique that promises to improve gene discovery for the globally important crop....
Posted: 2020-11-25 04:43:58
Scientists have unlocked a new genetic variation in wheat and barley - a major boost for the global effort in breeding higher-yielding wheat and barley varieties....
New insights into how the CRISPR immune syste...

New insights into how the CRISPR immune system evolved


Although CRISPR-Cas has found many uses in biotechnology and medicine, it originates in nature, where it functions as a microbial immune system. Scientists shed new light on how CRISPR-Cas e...
Posted: 2020-11-25 04:43:50
New insights into how the CRISPR immune system evolved
Although CRISPR-Cas has found many uses in biotechnology and medicine, it originates in nature, where it functions as a microbial immune system. Scientists shed new light on how CRISPR-Cas e...
A new species of rare phylum Loricifera disco...

A new species of rare phylum Loricifera discovered in the deep-sea surrounding Japan


The Loricifera is a microscopic, sediment-dwelling marine invertebrate, with a head covered in over 200 spines and an abdomen with a protective shell - known as a lorica. Since it was first ...
Posted: 2020-11-25 03:03:11
A new species of rare phylum Loricifera discovered in the deep-sea surrounding Japan
The Loricifera is a microscopic, sediment-dwelling marine invertebrate, with a head covered in over 200 spines and an abdomen with a protective shell - known as a lorica. Since it was first ...
Experimental evolution reveals how bacteria g...

Experimental evolution reveals how bacteria gain drug resistance


A research team has succeeded in experimentally evolving the common bacteria under pressure from a large number of individual antibiotics, and identified the mechanisms and constraints unde...
Posted: 2020-11-24 02:21:48
Experimental evolution reveals how bacteria gain drug resistance
A research team has succeeded in experimentally evolving the common bacteria under pressure from a large number of individual antibiotics, and identified the mechanisms and constraints unde...

Posted: 2020-11-23 03:10:09
A new study adds another layer to the remarkable evolutionary transition of life from water to land on Earth. The international study of the prehistoric 'relic' tetrapods, including salamand...
Posted: 2020-11-23 01:53:22
Palaeontologists have provided new proof of parallel evolution: conodonts, early vertebrates from the Permian period, adapted to new habitats in almost identical ways despite living in diffe...
Greater glider species triple...

Greater glider species triple


Researchers analyzed the genetic make-up of the greater glider -- a possum-sized marsupial that can glide up to 100 meters. The team confirmed a long-held theory that the greater glider is a...
Posted: 2020-11-21 04:05:59
Greater glider species triple
Researchers analyzed the genetic make-up of the greater glider -- a possum-sized marsupial that can glide up to 100 meters. The team confirmed a long-held theory that the greater glider is a...
Plant evolves to stay hidden from harvesting ...

Plant evolves to stay hidden from harvesting humans


A plant used in traditional Chinese medicine has evolved to become less visible to humans, new research shows....
Posted: 2020-11-20 04:39:16
Plant evolves to stay hidden from harvesting humans
A plant used in traditional Chinese medicine has evolved to become less visible to humans, new research shows....
Solving a mystery: How the TB bacterium devel...

Solving a mystery: How the TB bacterium develops rapid resistance to antibiotics


These slow growing bacteria have long puzzled TB researchers with their fairly rapid resistance to antibiotics. Researchers may have been barking up the wrong tree in exploring genetics, bec...
Posted: 2020-11-19 01:39:25
Solving a mystery: How the TB bacterium develops rapid resistance to antibiotics
These slow growing bacteria have long puzzled TB researchers with their fairly rapid resistance to antibiotics. Researchers may have been barking up the wrong tree in exploring genetics, bec...

Posted: 2020-11-18 07:18:31
Lake Tanganyika in Africa is a true hotspot of organismal diversity. Approximately 240 species of cichlid fishes have evolved in this lake in less than 10 million years. A research team has ...
Posted: 2020-11-18 07:18:20
Biologists have recently discovered that endogenous viral elements that originate from giant viruses are much more common in chlorophyte green algae than previously thought....
Gut microbiome manipulation could result from...

Gut microbiome manipulation could result from virus discovery


Scientists have discovered how a common virus in the human gut infects and takes over bacterial cells - a finding that could be used to control the composition of the gut microbiome, which i...
Posted: 2020-11-18 07:18:19
Gut microbiome manipulation could result from virus discovery
Scientists have discovered how a common virus in the human gut infects and takes over bacterial cells - a finding that could be used to control the composition of the gut microbiome, which i...
The bull Y chromosome has evolved to bully it...

The bull Y chromosome has evolved to bully its way into gametes


Scientists present the first ever full, high-resolution sequence of the Y chromosome of a Hereford bull. The research, more than a decade in the making, suggests that bulls' Y chromosomes ha...
Posted: 2020-11-18 07:16:36
The bull Y chromosome has evolved to bully its way into gametes
Scientists present the first ever full, high-resolution sequence of the Y chromosome of a Hereford bull. The research, more than a decade in the making, suggests that bulls' Y chromosomes ha...
New analysis refutes claim that dinosaurs wer...

New analysis refutes claim that dinosaurs were in decline before asteroid hit


New research suggests that dinosaurs were not in decline before the asteroid hit. The study contradicts previous theories and concludes that had the impact not occurred dinosaurs might have ...
Posted: 2020-11-18 12:26:26
New analysis refutes claim that dinosaurs were in decline before asteroid hit
New research suggests that dinosaurs were not in decline before the asteroid hit. The study contradicts previous theories and concludes that had the impact not occurred dinosaurs might have ...

Posted: 2020-11-18 12:26:00
In a new study, researchers have identified a handful of variations in an amino acid sequence critical for retaining the ancestral function of a gene over the course of 600 million years of ...
Posted: 2020-11-17 04:30:52
Scientists have shown that sex-specific differences in variability depend on individual physical and physiological features in mice, debunking competing theories that either males or females...
Paleontologists uncover three new species of ...

Paleontologists uncover three new species of extinct walruses in Orange County, California


Millions of years ago, in the warm Pacific Ocean off the coast of Southern California, walrus species without tusks lived abundantly. But in a new study, paleontologists have identified thre...
Posted: 2020-11-16 05:56:19
Paleontologists uncover three new species of extinct walruses in Orange County, California
Millions of years ago, in the warm Pacific Ocean off the coast of Southern California, walrus species without tusks lived abundantly. But in a new study, paleontologists have identified thre...
Genetic code evolution and Darwin's evol...

Genetic code evolution and Darwin's evolution theory should consider DNA an 'energy code'


Darwin's theory of evolution should be expanded to include consideration of a DNA stability 'energy code' -- so-called 'molecular Darwinism' -- to further account for the long-term survival ...
Posted: 2020-11-16 12:57:19
Genetic code evolution and Darwin's evolution theory should consider DNA an 'energy code'
Darwin's theory of evolution should be expanded to include consideration of a DNA stability 'energy code' -- so-called 'molecular Darwinism' -- to further account for the long-term survival ...
The Popovich of floral nectar spurs...

The Popovich of floral nectar spurs


Scientists identify the gene critical to controlling the development of these spurs in the common columbine, or Aquilegia. They found it acts as a master regulator that appears to control th...
Posted: 2020-11-13 07:18:32
The Popovich of floral nectar spurs
Scientists identify the gene critical to controlling the development of these spurs in the common columbine, or Aquilegia. They found it acts as a master regulator that appears to control th...

Posted: 2020-11-12 07:40:08
All proteins are built from the same 20 amino acids. One of these, cysteine, was assumed not to have been present at the origin of life. In a new study, scientists have recreated how cystein...
Posted: 2020-11-11 07:44:01
A large-scale study conducted by molecular biologists has yielded groundbreaking new insights into the evolution and regulation of gene expression in mammalian organs. The scientists investi...
Climate-adapted plant breeding...

Climate-adapted plant breeding


Securing plant production is a global task. Using a combination of new molecular and statistical methods, a research team was able to show that material from gene banks can be used to improv...
Posted: 2020-11-11 05:39:45
Climate-adapted plant breeding
Securing plant production is a global task. Using a combination of new molecular and statistical methods, a research team was able to show that material from gene banks can be used to improv...
Scientists release genomes of birds represent...

Scientists release genomes of birds representing nearly all avian families


Scientists report on the genomes of 363 species of birds, including 267 that have been sequenced for the first time. The studied species represent more than 92 percent of the world's avian f...
Posted: 2020-11-11 05:28:32
Scientists release genomes of birds representing nearly all avian families
Scientists report on the genomes of 363 species of birds, including 267 that have been sequenced for the first time. The studied species represent more than 92 percent of the world's avian f...
New genome alignment tool empowers large-scal...

New genome alignment tool empowers large-scale studies of vertebrate evolution


Three new articles present major advances in understanding the evolution of birds and mammals, made possible by new methods for comparing the genomes of hundreds of species. Researchers deve...
Posted: 2020-11-11 05:28:30
New genome alignment tool empowers large-scale studies of vertebrate evolution
Three new articles present major advances in understanding the evolution of birds and mammals, made possible by new methods for comparing the genomes of hundreds of species. Researchers deve...

Posted: 2020-11-11 05:28:10
Researchers have released the whole genomes of more than 80 percent of all mammalian families, spanning almost 110 million years of evolution. The dataset includes genomes from more than 120...
Posted: 2020-11-11 12:09:30
An international team of biologists has discovered a new species of extinct monk seal from the Southern Hemisphere -- describing it as the biggest breakthrough in seal evolution in 70 years....
Swedish, Finnish and Russian wolves closely r...

Swedish, Finnish and Russian wolves closely related


The Scandinavian wolf originally came from Finland and Russia, and unlike many other European wolf populations its genetic constitution is virtually free from dog admixture. In addition, ind...
Posted: 2020-11-10 04:25:08
Swedish, Finnish and Russian wolves closely related
The Scandinavian wolf originally came from Finland and Russia, and unlike many other European wolf populations its genetic constitution is virtually free from dog admixture. In addition, ind...
Indian fossils support new hypothesis for ori...

Indian fossils support new hypothesis for origin of hoofed mammals


New research describes a fossil family that illuminates the origin of perissodactyls - the group of mammals that includes horses, rhinos, and tapirs. It provides insights on the controversia...
Posted: 2020-11-07 06:39:27
Indian fossils support new hypothesis for origin of hoofed mammals
New research describes a fossil family that illuminates the origin of perissodactyls - the group of mammals that includes horses, rhinos, and tapirs. It provides insights on the controversia...
Ancient crocodiles' family tree reveals ...

Ancient crocodiles' family tree reveals unexpected twists and turns


Despite 300 years of research, and a recent renaissance in the study of their biological make-up, the mysterious, marauding teleosauroids have remained enduringly elusive. Scientific underst...
Posted: 2020-11-06 06:43:27
Ancient crocodiles' family tree reveals unexpected twists and turns
Despite 300 years of research, and a recent renaissance in the study of their biological make-up, the mysterious, marauding teleosauroids have remained enduringly elusive. Scientific underst...

Posted: 2020-11-06 03:31:04
Researchers find that a 'lost' family of cockroaches may be the missing link in the evolution of insects from prehistoric times to the present day....
Posted: 2020-11-05 04:29:40
Plants can be infected by multiple viruses at once. However, the composition of the pathogen community varies, even if individuals belong to the same species and the same population. Ecologi...
The first duckbill dinosaur fossil from Afric...

The first duckbill dinosaur fossil from Africa hints at how dinosaurs once crossed oceans


The first fossils of a duckbilled dinosaur have been discovered in Africa, suggesting dinosaurs crossed hundreds of kilometres of open water to get there....
Posted: 2020-11-05 01:37:06
The first duckbill dinosaur fossil from Africa hints at how dinosaurs once crossed oceans
The first fossils of a duckbilled dinosaur have been discovered in Africa, suggesting dinosaurs crossed hundreds of kilometres of open water to get there....
Gentoo penguins are four species, not one, sa...

Gentoo penguins are four species, not one, say scientists


First analysis combining genetic and physical differences of populations of gentoo penguins indicates they should be treated as four separate species....
Posted: 2020-11-04 12:10:01
Gentoo penguins are four species, not one, say scientists
First analysis combining genetic and physical differences of populations of gentoo penguins indicates they should be treated as four separate species....
Lion genetics study uncovers major consequenc...

Lion genetics study uncovers major consequences of habitat fragmentation


Over the course of only a century, humanity has made an observable impact on the genetic diversity of the lion population....
Posted: 2020-11-03 10:26:11
Lion genetics study uncovers major consequences of habitat fragmentation
Over the course of only a century, humanity has made an observable impact on the genetic diversity of the lion population....

Posted: 2020-11-03 04:25:24
Biologists have directly observed the birth of a tRNA gene, using experimental evolution of bacterial populations in the laboratory....
Posted: 2020-11-03 04:25:21
Cells can evolve specialized functions under a much broader range of conditions than previously thought, according to a study....
Lizard skull fossil is new and 'perplexi...

Lizard skull fossil is new and 'perplexing' extinct species


A new species of extinct lizard, Kopidosaurus perplexus, has just been described. The first part of the name references the lizard's distinct teeth; a 'kopis' is a curved blade used in ancie...
Posted: 2020-11-02 09:26:47
Lizard skull fossil is new and 'perplexing' extinct species
A new species of extinct lizard, Kopidosaurus perplexus, has just been described. The first part of the name references the lizard's distinct teeth; a 'kopis' is a curved blade used in ancie...
Genomic data 'catches corals in the act&...

Genomic data 'catches corals in the act' of speciation and adaptation


A new study revealed that diversity in Hawaiian corals is likely driven by co-evolution between the coral host, the algal symbiont, and the microbial community....
Posted: 2020-11-02 08:54:07
Genomic data 'catches corals in the act' of speciation and adaptation
A new study revealed that diversity in Hawaiian corals is likely driven by co-evolution between the coral host, the algal symbiont, and the microbial community....
New study finds earliest evidence for mammal ...

New study finds earliest evidence for mammal social behavior


A new study by paleontologists indicates that the earliest evidence of mammal social behavior goes back to the Age of Dinosaurs. The multituberculate Filikomys primaevus engaged in multi-gen...
Posted: 2020-11-02 05:00:55
New study finds earliest evidence for mammal social behavior
A new study by paleontologists indicates that the earliest evidence of mammal social behavior goes back to the Age of Dinosaurs. The multituberculate Filikomys primaevus engaged in multi-gen...

Posted: 2020-11-02 05:00:46
The fabled Silk Road is responsible for one of our favorite and most valuable fruits: the domesticated apple. Researchers have now assembled complete reference genomes and pan-genomes for ap...
Posted: 2020-11-02 02:09:00
Biologists investigate a recently discovered class of viruses that have taken the characteristic versatility of the viral world to new heights. Referred to as cruciviruses, these minute form...
Spring-run and fall-run Chinook salmon aren&#...

Spring-run and fall-run Chinook salmon aren't as different as they seem


Historically, spring-run and fall-run Chinook salmon have been considered as separate subspecies, races, ecotypes, or even as separate species of fish. A new genetic analysis, however, shows...
Posted: 2020-10-29 06:20:19
Spring-run and fall-run Chinook salmon aren't as different as they seem
Historically, spring-run and fall-run Chinook salmon have been considered as separate subspecies, races, ecotypes, or even as separate species of fish. A new genetic analysis, however, shows...
Study of ancient dog DNA traces canine divers...

Study of ancient dog DNA traces canine diversity to the Ice Age


A global study of ancient dog DNA presents evidence that there were different types of dogs more than 11,000 years ago in the period immediately following the Ice Age....
Posted: 2020-10-29 06:19:45
Study of ancient dog DNA traces canine diversity to the Ice Age
A global study of ancient dog DNA presents evidence that there were different types of dogs more than 11,000 years ago in the period immediately following the Ice Age....
Boo! How do Mexican cavefish escape predators...

Boo! How do Mexican cavefish escape predators?


When startled, do all fish respond the same way? A few fish, like Mexican cavefish, have evolved in unique environments without any predators. To see how this lack of predation impacts escap...
Posted: 2020-10-29 02:51:15
Boo! How do Mexican cavefish escape predators?
When startled, do all fish respond the same way? A few fish, like Mexican cavefish, have evolved in unique environments without any predators. To see how this lack of predation impacts escap...

Posted: 2020-10-29 02:49:55
An international research team has sequenced the full genome of an ornamental variety of miscanthus, a wild perennial grass emerging as a prime candidate for sustainable bioenergy crops. The...
Posted: 2020-10-28 04:45:42
Most detailed every study into how animals evolve to better suit their environments shows that pterosaurs become more efficient at flying over millions of years before going extinct with the...
Models for potential precursors of cells endu...

Models for potential precursors of cells endure simulated early-Earth conditions


Membraneless compartments -- models for a potential step in the early evolution of cells -- have been shown to persist or form, disappear, and reform in predictable ways through multiple cyc...
Posted: 2020-10-28 04:45:32
Models for potential precursors of cells endure simulated early-Earth conditions
Membraneless compartments -- models for a potential step in the early evolution of cells -- have been shown to persist or form, disappear, and reform in predictable ways through multiple cyc...
Scientists discover new organic compounds tha...

Scientists discover new organic compounds that could have helped form the first cells


Chemists studying how life started often focus on biopolymers like peptides and nucleic acids, but modern biopolymers don't form easily without help from living organisms. A possible solutio...
Posted: 2020-10-28 12:29:54
Scientists discover new organic compounds that could have helped form the first cells
Chemists studying how life started often focus on biopolymers like peptides and nucleic acids, but modern biopolymers don't form easily without help from living organisms. A possible solutio...
Species loss affects basis of life of humans...

Species loss affects basis of life of humans


Current species loss also affects our food, water supply, building materials and energy sources. This is confirmed by one of the biggest biodiversity experiments. Researchers found that ecos...
Posted: 2020-10-27 02:54:09
Species loss affects basis of life of humans
Current species loss also affects our food, water supply, building materials and energy sources. This is confirmed by one of the biggest biodiversity experiments. Researchers found that ecos...